hurricane jose
However, wind gusts up to 100 mph (160 km/h) uprooted trees, making some roads impassable and damaging houses, crops, and shipping facilities. Conditions in the Gulf of Mexico proved favorable for intensification. Despite 15 inches (380 mm) of rain in Anguilla, minimal flooding occurred. As Jose continued to drop in pressure, many meteorologists feared a major hurricane landfall along the panhandle. [16], On September 19, rough surf and swells from Jose flooded portions of the Outer Banks of North Carolina, causing road closures along sections of NC 12. The depression intensified and was subsequently upgraded to Tropical Storm Jose on October 18. [30] In Sint Maarten, which is the Dutch portion of the island, sustained winds of 75 mph (121 km/h) and a gust to 100 mph (160 km/h) were reported at the Princess Juliana International Airport, while a rainfall total of 13.75 inches (349 mm) was observed in Pointe Blanche. It was then that the tropical storm watch in St. Vincent and the Grenadines was discontinued. [1][2] The wave passed south of Cape Verde on September 2, with a large area of disorganized thunderstorms. Rough seas caused significant erosion at many of the famed beaches on the island. [1], Hurricane Jose threatened the Lesser Antilles within days of catastrophic damage by Hurricane Irma, especially in Barbuda, which was 95% destroyed by Irma. [1] Initially, the depression had well-defined upper-level outflow, though the low-level circulation was poorly defined. It will be replaced with Jack in the 2029 season. [1][9] As the storm was entering an anti-cyclonic loop, Jose was downgraded to a tropical storm at 00:00 UTC on September 15 based on Dvorak estimates which put its wind speed below hurricane strength. Jose also caused 12 injuries and one fatality. [6] Despite being close to the outflow from the much larger Hurricane Irma to its west, Jose continued to quickly intensify over the next two days, which eventually culminated with it attaining peak winds of 155 mph (250 km/h) and a minimum pressure of 938 mbar (27.7 inHg) at 18:00 UTC on September 8, while located to the east of the Leeward Islands. There was no considerable damage here, and 1 fatality resulted here due to rip currents. Jose developed from a tropical wave several hundred miles east of the Windward Islands on October 17. By 0900 UTC on October 19, the hurricane watches in effect for Dominica, Martinique, and Guadeloupe were all upgraded to a hurricane warning. [16] It was reported on October 20 that 343 shelters would be opened in Puerto Rico, which were stocked with thousands of cots and sleeping bags. [24] Moist southerly flow across the United States Virgin Islands resulted in thunderstorm activity; some flooding occurred on Saint Croix, inflicting $500,000 in damage. [15] A wind gust of 102 mph (164 km/h) was reported by the Antigua and Barbuda Meteorological Service on October 20. [13][14] An area of convection and an eye feature reformed on September 19 while the storm was east of North Carolina. Nonetheless, Jose still brought tropical storm-force winds to those islands. The Panhandle took a direct hit from the powerful Hurricane Jose. For other storms named Jose, see. Hypothetical Hurricanes Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. In North Wildwood, waves from the storm went over a seawall and high tide caused street flooding along the bay. Puerto Rico and United States Virgin Islands, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Governor of the United States Virgin Islands, wettest tropical cyclone on record in Anguilla, Timeline of the 1999 Atlantic hurricane season, Preliminary Report Hurricane Jose 17 – 25 October 1999, Tropical Depression Fourteen Discussion Number 1, Tropical Depression Fourteen Discussion Number 2, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, "Jose strikes Antigua head-on, threatens other islands". [29] The NHC issued a tropical storm warning for portions of the Atlantic coastline, including the Outer Banks in North Carolina, through Delmarva and the Jersey Shore. Initially expected to rapidly develop into a rare October Cape Verde hurricane, shear in the area inhibited development. A sustained wind speed of 28 mph (45 km/h) and gust up to 37 mph (60 km/h) was measured in Ceiba. Due to the storm stalling in the Gulf of Mexico, this caused several feet of rain all around the Florida Panhandle. [1], The National Hurricane Center began posting tropical cyclone watches and warnings starting at 0900 UTC on October 18, with a hurricane watch for Barbados. [1], The wind field expanded as Jose continued northward, and a large convective band developed along the northern periphery as the central area of thunderstorms diminished. [23] The Blanco River overflowed in Naguabo, while landslides were reported in Utuado, Carolina, and Villalba. Later, another wind gust of 93 mph (150 km/h) was recorded before the anemometer failed. [18], In Anguilla, tropical storm force winds and rainfall up to 6 inches (150 mm) fell at the Agricultural Department in The Valley. As the storm passed north of Puerto Rico on the morning of October 13, a closed circulation was found, and the NHC began issuing advisories on Tropical Depression Ten that day. However, due to wind shear, Jose weakened over the next few days as it completed an anti-cyclonic loop north of Hispaniola. The storm brought heavy rainfall to the Lesser Antilles, with some areas experiencing more than 18 inches (460 mm) of precipitation. [5] After t-numbers on the Dvorak scale reached 4.0 and a reconnaissance aircraft flight reported winds of 84 mph (135 km/h), it was estimated that Jose became a hurricane at 1800 UTC on October 19. [1] At this time the NHC noted that northerly wind shear had kept all significant banding to the southeastern quadrant and the center was to the northwest of most convection. In Saint Kitts and Nevis, mudslides and flooding from the storm caused 1 fatality and impacted several homes and buildings. [33] Large waves from Jose caused beach erosion along the Jersey Shore. Tropical storm warnings were also issued for Long Island, and the coastline of Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts. The Governor of the United States Virgin Islands, Charles Wesley Turnbull, issued a curfew effective at 6 p.m. AST on October 20. These conditions downed trees and power lines, disrupting travel and leaving more than 43,000 people without electricity. In addition to the flood damage, one fatality was reported in Sint Maarten. Although atmospheric conditions previously seemed favorable for further significant strengthening, water vapor imagery indicated that an upper-trough was extending from the western Caribbean Sea to the eastern Bahamas; this in turn induced wind shear on Jose. [1] Operationally, the NHC did not initiate advisories until 15:00 UTC that day as a tropical storm, nine hours after it had actually formed. ", "Jose brings strong winds and risk of thunder", "More than a dozen USGS Storm-Tide Sensors Deployed for Hurricane Jose", "Rip currents from Hurricane Jose flood areas of OBX; parts of NC 12 closed", "Ocean City Pounded by Heavy Winds and Rain", "Hurricane Jose's waves shut 2 of 4 Assateague beach parking lots in Va", "Waves from Hurricane Jose Breach Dune, Flood Route One", "Hurricane Jose sends waves crashing over sea wall", "Works begins to repair beach erosion at New Jersey shore", "Woman Dies After Getting Caught in Jose-Spawned Rip Current", [Massachusetts Event Report: Tropical Storm], "Cape, Islands Hit by Power Outages, Storm Damage From Jose", [Hurricane Jose 2017 Massachusetts Event Reports],, Hurricanes in the United States Virgin Islands, 2017 natural disasters in the United States, September 2017 events in the United States, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 16:16. a Red Cross office in St. Vincent de Paul also distributed rice and beans to 2,000 people, while the National office of Disaster Services provided plastic sheeting and water bottles. As stated before, record rainfall resulted in catastrophic flooding. Hurricane Jose was the fourteenth tropical cyclone, tenth named storm, and seventh hurricane of the annual season that caused moderate damage in the Lesser Antilles in October 1999. Late on October 18, a hurricane watch was also issued for Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Lucia, and Dominica, while a tropical storm watch and a warning was extended to include Barbados and Grenada, respectively. As the invest tracked toward the Bahamas, it finally began to spark some convection. Overall, losses in the United States Virgin Islands reached $20,000. [15] Across the island, the storm killed one person, injured 12, left an elderly blind man missing,[19] and destroyed 500 houses and a newly built church. Overflow along portions of the Blanco River and landslides caused minor damage. In this area, Jose caused $500 million in damage and 11 fatalities. On Nantucket, wind gusted to 62 mph (100 km/h),[37] and rainfall at the airport reached 6.48 in (165 mm). A period of rapid intensification ensued on September 6, when Jose reached hurricane intensity. In St. Lucia, the hurricane watch was canceled. [21], Some areas of Puerto Rico experienced tropical storm force winds, especially the eastern side of the island. [40] Overall damage was relatively light, amounting to $337,000. One death was reported in Sint Maarten. Hurricane Jose was a very dense category 1 hurricane that caused historic flooding along the Florida Panhandle, and the densest hurricane of the 2023 Atlantic Hurricane Season. On Saint John, a sustained winds speed of 60 mph (97 km/h) and a gust as high as 68 mph (109 km/h) was reported. Later on, Jose brought heavy rain, swells, and rough surf to the East Coast of the United States, causing beach erosion and some flooding. Several buildings were also severely damaged. Many people were forced to stand on the roof of their house to call for help, and many veterans compared the disaster to that of Hurricane Katrina. Jose intensified, and became a hurricane late on October 15, when an eyewall was located, and 75+ mph winds were observed. [4], Once Jose became a tropical storm, gradual intensification ensued within the favorable environment of warm sea surface temperatures, low wind shear, and abundant moisture. Initially projected to impact the Antilles already affected by Hurricane Irma, Jose triggered evacuations in catastrophically damaged Barbuda, as well as in Saint Martin. As a result, Jose was the wettest tropical cyclone on record in Anguilla, only to be surpassed by Hurricane Lenny about a month later. The storm tracked northwestward and was upgraded to a hurricane the following day as it approached the northern Leeward Islands. In the first week after the storm, 35 Red Cross volunteers distributed 1,500 tarpaulins, 210 blankets, 300 food parcels, and 30 hurricane lamps to residents in the effected communities of York's, Villa, Greens Bay, Perry Bay, Piggotts, Bendals Bolans, Crab's Hill, Urlings, St. John's, and Jennings. Storm surges in coastal areas was mostly between 2.9 and 3.6 feet (0.88 and 1.10 m) above normal. [11] Rounding the western periphery of the subtropical ridge, Jose moved northward, beginning on September 16. While located north of Puerto Rico on October 22, the storm turned northward, shortly before curving north-northeastward. In the capital city of Gustavia, a sustained winds speed of 62 mph (100 km/h) and a gust up to 74 mph (119 km/h). [33], This article is about the 1999 hurricane. Hurricane Jose moving over the Atlantic. [20] Winds on the island downed power and telephone lines, however, the electricity had been shut off as the storm was approaching.


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