jassy romania

[11] The newly freed Legionnaires were placed under police command and provided with weapons. [24], The majority of those sentenced under war crimes and crimes against peace (article 2 of Law no. 10 Saviem Sc10 ont également été cédés au réseau de Iași par la RATP. [8] On 21 June 1941, Antonescu signed a decree calling for all Jews between the ages of 18 and 60 who lived between the Siret and Pruth rivers to be deported to the concentration camp at Târgu Jiu in the south of Romania. Can't-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast. L'université technique est renommée en École polytechnique en 1948. The same SSI teams that operated in Iaşi operated in Chişinău as well. Naum, a former Assistant Professor of Medical Chemistry at the Iași Institute of Hygiene, well-known in select circles as an eloquent defender of liberal views, attempted to save a Jew on Pacurari Street, outside the Ferdinand Foundation.

La ville figure dans les chartes hongroises et polonaises du, The Ethnocultural Diversity Resource Center, Dernière modification le 30 mai 2020, à 18:55, Principautés unies de Moldavie et de Valachie, http://sas.unibuc.ro/uploads_ro/1147/51/AG48a.RECENSAMANT48.pdf, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iași&oldid=171474298, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, la maison Dosoftei - l'église Saint-Nicolas-Domnesc. Le bâtiment principal, monument d'architecture, est construit en 1896. Sentences of 25 years hard labor were received by seven accused. Il lui dit : « Ieși până afară să vorbim ceva ! Iași (prononcé [jaʃʲ] Écouter) (traditionnellement écrit en français, anglais et allemand Jassy ou Iassy, translittéré du russe Яссы [1], en hongrois Jászvásár, en italien Jassi, en arménien Yash, en turc Yaş, en yiddish יאס Yas) est une ville en Moldavie roumaine, chef-lieu du județ de Iași et 2 e ville du pays après la capitale Bucarest [2]. Several accused were acquitted.

Many Jews died of thirst, starvation, and suffocation aboard two trains that for eight days travelled back and forth across the countryside. Iași est le centre culturel, économique et universitaire de la région roumaine de Moldavie. It is situated on the Bahlui River near its confluence with the Prut River in the Moldavian plain, 8 miles (13 km) west of the border with Moldova and 200 miles (320 km) northeast of Bucharest. La ville héberge depuis les années 2010 le plus grand festival littéraire d'Europe de l'Est, le festival international de littérature et de traduction (Filit), fréquenté par des Prix Nobel de littérature[6].

[8] Lieutenant-Colonel Traian Borcescu of the Special Information Service (Serviciul Special de Informații [ro], SSI), as the Romanian secret service was known, later recalled: "I know for certain that Section II of the Supreme Headquarters was involved with the problem of moving the Jewish population in Moldavia under the auspices of the respective statistics offices, with Colonel Gheorghe Petrescu in charge of this activity". It was a big surprise for all the Jews. While trying to defend some Jews on Zugravilor Street, outside Rampa, the lathe operator Ioan Gheorghiu was killed by railroad workers. [11], On the same day that Operation Barbarossa began, the police force in Iași released imprisoned members of the Iron Guard, who had been held since a failed coup by the Legion in January 1941. Other participants were army soldiers, young people armed by SSI agents, and mobs who robbed and killed, knowing they would not have to account for their actions....In addition to informing on Jews, directing soldiers to Jewish homes and refuges, and even breaking into homes themselves, some Romanian residents of Iaşi also took part in the arrests and humiliation forced upon the convoys of Jews on their way to the Chestura.

The Romanian authorities also arrested more than 5,000 Jews, forcing them to the train station, shooting those who did not move quickly enough, and then robbing them of all of their possessions. Smaller groups received a 20-year harsh sentence and 15 years hard labor, and one accused was sentenced to five years hard labor. [23] The total number of victims of the Iași pogrom is unknown, but the figure is calculated to be over 13,266 identified victims by the Romanian government, and nearly 15,000 by the Jewish community of Iași. [25], Among the rehabilitated perpetrators were Colonels Radu Dinulescu and Gheorghe Petrescu. The raid did little damage, but it produced a hysterical reaction, with rumors flying fast that the entire Jewish population of Iași were Communist Party members and had lit beacons to guide the Soviet bombers. According to a report commissioned by, and accepted by the Romanian government, the participation in the pogrom that followed was widespread: Those participating in the manhunt launched on the night of June 28/29 were, first and foremost, the Iași police, backed by the Bessarabia police and gendarmerie units. [11] On 24 June 1941, Iaşi was bombed by the Soviet Air Force. The priest Razmerita was shot on Sararie Street while attempting to save several Jews, dying with the victims he was trying to protect. Pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, la Roumanie est alliée de l'Allemagne du Troisième Reich, jusqu'en août 1944.

According to Romanian authorities,[4] over 13,266 people,[5] or one third of the Jewish population, were massacred in the pogrom itself or in its aftermath, and many were deported. Iași, a city with a large Jewish population located close to the Soviet border, was considered a problem by the Romanian dictator Marshal Ion Antonescu, as he saw the Jews of Iași as a fifth column which would sabotage the Romanian war effort. La vieille ville est comprise dans un quadrilatère limité par les rues actuelles Ștefan cel Mare, Alexandru Lăpușneanu, la rue de l'Indépendance, Elena Doamna et Grigore Ghica, le noyau de la ville se trouve dans la zone du Palais de la Culture (ancienne cour des hospodars) et rue Costache Negri.
Romania also joined Germany in the invasion of the Soviet Union, initially with the purpose of regaining Bessarabia, taken by Soviets in 1940, after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. Everything orbits the Golden Plateau, bookended by the Palace of Culture and Union Square, and packed to the brim with churches and palaces galore. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. [14], Rumors had already been circulating, backed up by the state-run press, that stated that Soviet parachutists had landed outside of Iași and that the Jews were working with them. D'ici se sont élevés Alexandre Jean Cuza, Vasile Alecsandri, Titu Maiorescu, Mihai Eminescu, Mihail Sadoveanu et Nicolae Iorga. Le premier acte d'union des principautés est signé par Michel Ier le Brave en 1600[6]. Jassy (Roumanie) Carte (Plan), Photos et la meteo.
The book was originally published in Romanian, was then translated into both Hebrew and Czech, and can be found at Yad Vashem and at the Library of the Holocaust Museum in Washington, DC. [15] In the week before the pogrom, the signs grew more ominous: houses were marked with crosses if the residents were Christian, Jewish men were forced to dig large ditches in the Jewish cemetery, and soldiers started to break into Jewish homes "searching for evidence".

En 2017, la ville compte 371 889 habitants[3], soit la deuxième ville la plus peuplée de Roumanie. Iaşi was the capital of the country of Moldavia (aka Moldova) for almost 300 years (1564 to 1859). Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences.

291/1947), 23 people (including generals and colonels), received life sentences with hard labor and 100 million lei in damages. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu.

The next-largest group, twelve accused, were sentenced to 20 years hard labor each. En 1860, par décret d'Alexandre Jean Cuza, trois facultés de l'académie de l'Academia Mihăileană forment le noyau de l'université de Iași, la première université de Roumanie. Pogromul de la Iași (28 -30 iunie 1941) - Prologul Holocaustului din România, 2006, Editura Polirom. Cette légende est fantaisiste, c'est un jeu de mots, mais elle rappelle les occupations principalement pastorales des « Valaques » avant la fondation des principautés roumaines. We could not buy or sell food anymore. Ici se trouvait la résidence permanente ou temporaire des voïvodes Alexandre Ier de Moldavie, Étienne III de Moldavie, Alexandru IV Lăpușneanu et Basile le Loup. Place Eminesco, durant l'entre-deux-guerres, on construit le bâtiment de la Fondation culturelle royale, qui héberge aujourd'hui la Bibliothèque centrale universitaire Mihai-Eminescu, avec un fonds documentaire d'à peu près un million de livres, dont certains sont très rares. [11] Again, the bombing led to rampant rumors of alleged Jewish fifth column activity in the service of the Soviet Union. Le village de Iași était donc au XIIIe siècle un petit bourg rectangulaire fortifié, capitale provisoire des Iasses qui l'appelèrent « Aski ». Taking advantage of her position, she asked and received permission to give food and water to those unfortunate passengers. The Jews thought that if they showed up at the commissariat they could be set free, could again buy commodities. Depuis 2013, l'espace derrière le palais de la culture est occupé par l'ensemble architectural "Palas Iași", composé d'un parc, d'un centre commercial avec un Auchan et des restaurants. [20] One eyewitness later testified: Sometimes, those who attempted to defend the Jews were killed with them.

Other names: Jassy [Eng, Ger, Pol], Jászvásár [Hun], Iassy [French, Rus], Pronounced: "Yash" Yiddish: יאס Located: 47°10' N, 27°36' E. IASI PANORAMA. As revealed by archival documents, these two high-ranking officers were involved in the deportations to Transnistria and the persecution of tens of thousands of Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map.

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